For the very first time a combined
force of army, navy and air force would work simultaneously
in one invasion operation. Almost the entire German
navy, excluding submarines was bound for operation "Weserübing".
troops were to be transferred by warships, and 2000
were flown in by "Luftwaffe" to Stavanger
and Oslo. 50000 soldiers, 15000 vehicles and more than
60000 tons of equipment were to be shipped the following
"Weserübung" was extremely bold, and
anticipated that the Germans wouldn't
run into the British Navy. From outside "Lofoten"
10 German Destroyers headed into Westfjord towards the
city of Narvik in thick, snowy conditions. The German
destroyers ("zerstörer") carried spectacular
names as "Georg Thiele", Wolfgang Zenker",
"Herrman Künne", named after German war
heroes from 1st. world war. The German "Zerstörers"
had an enormous engine capacity, and could run at a
maximum speed of nearly 40 knots.
The first 24. hours went mostly according to plan. The
Norwegian old warships "Eidsvold" and "Norge"
were both sunk at the entrance of the harbour of Narvik.
The old warship "Eidsvold" was literally blown
out of the water in a terrifying explosion, killing
almost all of its crew. The warship "Norge"
managed to fight back for almost 20 minutes before it
were sunk with 101 causalities as a result. But the
German navy ,"die Krigsmarine", didn't have
the upper hand for long. Early the 10th of April, the
British Navy comes the northern part of Norway to rescue.
sources, contacted by the museum, explained that the
British Navy after having rounded the "Bear Island"
set course towards Lofoten and Narvik. A horrendous
battle raged various places around the harbour of Narvik,
and both sides suffered great losses. The 13th April
the Royal Navy launched a new attack led by the enormous
battleship "Warspite" together with a flotilla
of destroyers witch literally wiped the Germans out.
the 10"zerstöres" were sunk or driven
aground. Many of the German sailors were regrouped to
enforce the German "Gerbirgsjägers" .
Many of the German sailors ended up in the wilds of
the mountains and the German general Dietl gave them
the name "Gebirgsmarine". In this battle the
Norwegian and German soldiers were really put to the
Sparce food supplies, heavy snow falls and very cold
conditions put enormous strain on both men and horses.
The battle raged for about 2 months in the mountains
and in the end of May, the allied forces actually regained
control over the Narvik city.
the Lofoten area the city, Svolvær was terrorized
by a German plane ( Heinkel 111) which opened fire on
the streets. 7th of June a big Luftwaffe Condor-plane
bombed and set fire to an oil tank belonging to Shell.
A raging fire start and the town had to be evacuated.
But next morning a strange thing happened when the Norwegian
guard boat "Ranen" came and set fire to the
rest of Svolværs oil supply that the German Luftwaffe
had missed. The reason was that Norway was capitulating
and there should be no supplies left for the German
of June Norway surrendered itself to Germany. The King
left the country. Norway was occupied.