some of these became members because of their jobs, others because
of financial reasons. But those who really believed in the twisted
ideas of the "national-socialism" and participated
wearing their black "hird" uniforms, often behaved
aggressively, showing no sense of humour. Even an innocent paperclip,
the Norwegian symbol of togetherness, stuck to the lapel of
the jacket, could lead to a lot of trouble. Many of the Norwegian
"hird-men", enlisted in the Waffen SS, fighting on
the eastern front.
"new order", imposed upon the Norwegians by the
N.S. and the Wehrmacht, was met by massive resistance. All
over, sports clubs went almost to a standstill, with it's
members boycotting sports events. Unions refused to participate,
and the clergy men were firm in their denial of the "new
times", which again led to their firing. New nazi priests
replace them, resulting in empty churches. Widespread is the
story of "nazi-bishop" Lothe who sits one Sunday
morning in a restaurant downtown Trondheim, demanding a cognac.
Not an uncommon sight. The waiter, in a cool and polite fashion
saying: "But not before church hours, my dear bishop"
the teachers gave the nazis problems. Most teachers would
not bend for the nazification of the educational system. This
was met by firm counteractions by the German
nazis. The protesting teachers were arrested and then sent
to the "ice-front" at Kirkenes to
perform hard labour work.
1942, the N.S. and the Wehrmachts attempts this to get the
Norwegian to "see the new light" totally collapsed.
Simultaneously , the armed part of the Norwegian resistance
increases it's activities through the organizations "Milorg"
and the "Linge-Company". Officially called "The
Domestic Forces". (Hjemmestyrkene) With their lives at
stake, the "Domestic Forces" carried out several
risky operations against Wehrmacht installations in Norway.
to the armed resistance, another battle was going on. The
struggle to survive. Everything was rationed and, at times,
even the items rationed, were impossible to get hold of. Regulation
and restrictions marked every day life. People living in Lofoten
and North Norway were somewhat better off, because of the
access to rich fish resources. People living in the larger
cities had only their ration to live on. The black market
grew rather big, and the papers carried hundreds of ads telling
what people had to swap. No wonder people looked forward to
was tension in the air around the spring of 1945. It became
more and more clear that the collapse of the German armed
forces was due and it occured on. The 8th of May the nazi
government surrenders unconditionally. Hitler had shot himself,
and at Skaugum, Terboven blew himself up. The motto from the
"Domestic Forces" were: "Our struggle is crowned
with Victory". And" Norway is once again free".
many know that as many as 10 000 Norwegian reported to duty
in the Waffen SS. About 5 700 of these were sent to various
fronts. about 700 were killed.
picture to the right shows a German officer in the Luftwaffe.
To the left. An Norwegian front-fighter in the Waffen SS.